Sweden after far-right came to reign.

Fredrik Sandberg/AP

Sweden’s Conservative Party leader, Ulf Christerson, announced in mid-October that he had managed to agree to form a minority government with the support of the far-right. The Moderates will join forces with the Liberals and Christian Democrats to form a government.

The results of Sweden’s September 11 election that brought right-wing parties to authority in Scandinavia caused anxiety among refugees, especially those who did not obtain the country’s citizenship.

Refugees and migrants at the forefront

Allied parties (moderates, liberals, Christian Democrats, Sweden’s anti-immigration democrats) provided a map of the cooperation form among them, which came in 62 pages in which they called for security campaigns targeting crime, the construction of new nuclear reactors, and more.

The nearly 60-page agreement refers to the Swedish Democrats achieving their full electoral issues, calling them a “paradigm shift in immigration policies.” At the level of Sweden’s commitment to receive a quota for refugees, the party has forced a reduction in the figure from 6,400 per year to 900.

The granting of permanent residence permits will be abolished and converted into temporary ones on the basis of programs to prepare refugees for “voluntary return” to their countries of origin, tightening requirements for family unification, and tightening conditions for citizenship. The far-right believes that these measures, and others, will make Sweden less attractive to refugees.

The head of the Swedes Democrats party often praises the policies of Hungary’s right-wing Prime Minister Viktor Orbán and Greek authorities in dealing with the influx of refugees.

Islamists in Elections

What was remarkable in last September’s election was the entry of the Islamist Nyans party into the electoral struggle three years after it was founded in the city of Yotpuri.

Mikael Yuksel, the party’s president and founder is a Swedish of Turkish origin, who was a member of the Centre Party but was expelled years earlier from the party after discovering his relationship with the far-right Turkish Gray Wolves movement and one of his tasks was to form a branch in Sweden.

The Nyans party took advantage of the lack of direct communication with Muslims and their feeling of fear and exclusion. And it fuels the idea of the need to change the Swedish laws, which it believes are not suitable for Islam, and the simple people who this speech contributed to increasing their fears and their feeling that this country wants to kidnap their children interact with it. According to Hind Al-Eryani in an article on the “Montecarlo”

The Islamist party Nyans failed to get the votes that would enable it to be represented in the Swedish parliament, after the party entered to compete with its representatives in the municipal, provincial and parliamentary councils and failed to obtain 4.2% of the votes that would enable it to enter parliament.

Most of the party’s members and leaders used the language of intimidation, linking the vote in their favor, in addition to making unrealistic electoral promises and propaganda, and the slogans raised by the party made it a pariah from all parties. According to Dr. Mahmoud Agha, editor-in-chief of the Swedish news site “The Combs”, in an interview with the site “Qpost”

The party’s leadership has refused to admit defeat, trying to justify it by saying that there are problems with the counting of votes, or it is related to the media and other justifications that want to continue to export it to get votes in the European Parliament elections that also plans to involved next year.

Nabil al-Shaqfa, a Swedish-Syrian is known for his proximity to the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), promotes the government’s decisions through the “Syrian Community in Sweden” group he manage on Facebook, based on his membership in the Conservative Party (moderates), which puts him in front of criticism, especially since the government’s decisions and slogans foreshadow fundamental shifts towards Muslims and immigrants.

Muslims in Sweden

Sweden has been one of the world’s most open countries and has a bright record of receiving refugees from all over the world, its policies have changed over the past seven years, to the extent that the UN Human Rights Council has sounded the alarm about the increase in the frequency of racist crimes.

Islam is the second-largest religion in Sweden and the EU, and the most growth in the past fifty years. Sweden’s Muslim population accounted for 8.1% of Sweden’s total population of 10 million. According to a report by the Pew Research Center

Their largest proportion is concentrated as follows (statistical estimates): 190,000 Syrians (90% of whom are Muslims), 170,000 Iraqis (70% Muslims), then 65,000 Afghans, 65,000 Palestinians, 60,000 Somalis, 45,000 Bosnians, Chechens and Serbs, 35,000 North Africans (95% Muslims), 30,000 Turks (75% Muslims), 25,000 Iranians, 15,000 Lebanese, and about 90,000 other nationalities.

Muslims are heavily present in three major cities, the capital Stockholm in the center, Gottemberg in the west, and Malmö in the far south.

Like other European countries, the MB is active in Sweden under various names, such as religious, social, and cultural institutions. Muslims in Sweden faced serious challenges related to their religiosity, identity, and children, which led them to establish these institutions to help them adhere to their faith and preserve their identity, while encouraging positive integration based on citizenship and contributing to community service and state building.”

Among the most prominent Islamic institutions in Sweden are:

  • The Islamic Association in Sweden IFIS is the arm of the MB there.
  • Swedish Islamic Council
  • The Association of Islamic Societies FIFS, which has many associations affiliated with the Association.
  • Swedish Muslim Youth Union (SUM), a youth union affiliated with the MB
  • The Swedish Muslim Federation (SMF), a Turkish federation
  • Federation of Bosnians SFBH, which was established after its separation from the Swedish Muslim Federation..

Mahmoud Khalfi is considered one of the most prominent leaders of the group in Sweden, where he received the royal family, prime ministers, politicians, and diplomats as a cleric but at the same time plays a political role that is disputed, he was nominated on the lists of the Social Democratic Party in the elections of 1998 and was the president of the Muslim League, a friend of the founder and president of the Muslim League in Britain and the official spokesman of the MB in EU.

References:

Home – Islamiska Förbundet (islamiskaforbundet.se)

 Muslims in Sweden… A fertile environment for integration despite the threats of Islamophobia | (noonpost.com)

 The duality of the MB’s political discourse (alkompis.se)

 Sweden: Why did the Islamists fail to reach parliament? – (qposts.com)

 Sweden’s elections fuel “Islamophobia” ” (alaraby.co.uk)